The names and titles of God

The different names and titles of God used in the Bible reveal something about His nature and character. Let’s look at them. I will begin from the names and titles of God written in the Old Testament (first some of His names in Hebrew and their meaning and then His names and titles only in English), and then I will speak about the names and titles of God we find in the New Testament. When you read them bear in mind that some of them refer to the Son as well.

In the Old Testament

God’s personal name is YHWH (the TETRAGRAMMATON, meaning ‘The four letters’), which is a Hebrew name, which is pronounced YAHWEH and which means ‘The Self-Existent-One’ or ‘He who is’ or ‘I am’. God revealed His Name to Moses when He appeared to Moses and commanded him to go to Egypt to set His people free, for on that occasion Moses asked God to tell him His name and God answered him. Here is what we read in the book of Exodus: “And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them? And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you” (Exodus 3:13-14). God was not known by that name to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, for God said to Moses: “I am the LORD: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name YAHWEH was I not known to them” (Exodus 6:2-3). In the writings of the Old Testament, Yahweh is the name of God which occurs most frequently (about 6830 times). In the English translations of the Bible it is generally translated as ‘LORD’ (in the IBRV it is translated as ‘L’Eterno’, that is, ‘The Eternal’; while in the IBDV it is translated as ‘Signore’, that is, ‘Lord’). Here are some examples of the name YHWH used in the Scripture. God is YHWH-Rapha, that is, “Yahweh who heals,’ as it is written: “If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee [Yahweh-Rapha]” (Exodus 15:26). He is YHWH-Nissi, that is, ‘Yahweh my banner,’ as it is written: “And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Yahweh-nissi” (Exodus 17:15). He is YHWH-Shalom, that is ‘Yahweh our peace,’ as it is written: “Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Yahweh-shalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abi-ezrites” (Judges 6:24). He is YHWH-Jireh, that is, ‘Yahweh will see/provide,’ as it is written: “And Abraham called the name of that place Yahweh-jireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen” (Genesis 22:14). He is YHWH-Sabaoth, that is, ‘Yahweh of Hosts’ (1 Samuel 1:3). He is YHWH-Roi, that is, ‘Yahweh my Shepherd’ (Psalm 23:1). He is YHWH-Hoseenu, that is, ‘Yahweh our maker’ (Psalm 95:6). He is YHWH-Elyon, that is, ‘Yahweh most high’ (Psalm 7:17). He is YHWH-M’kaddesh, that is, ‘Yahweh who sanctifies you’ (Exodus 31:13). He is YHWH-Shammah, that is, ‘Yahweh is there’ (Ezekiel 48:35). The Jews stopped pronouncing the name YHWH by the third century A.D. for fear of breaking this commandment: “You shall not take the name of YHWH your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain” (Exodus 20:7 – NKJV). Some Jewish rabbis asserted that a person who pronounces YHWH according to its letters (instead of using a substitute) has no place in the world to come, and should be put to death. Instead of pronouncing the name YHWH, the Jews usually substitute it with ‘Adonai,’ or simply say ‘Ha-Shem’ (which means ‘The Name’).

Yah is a shortened form of YHWH. It means the same thing as YHWH, and is used approximately 40 times in the Scriptures. Yah appears primarily in the book of Psalms (for example: Psalm 105:3; 106:1; 147:20; 149:1). It is also found in the compound word ‘hallelu-Yah’, which means ‘praise Yah (the LORD).’

God is called Elohim, which means ‘Gods’ but it is translated as ‘God,’ as it is written: “In the beginning God [Elohim] created the heaven and the earth” (Genesis 1:1). This name is plural in form but it is commonly construed with a singular verb or adjective. The name Elohim is used throughout the Old Testament over 2,300 times. Elohim is combined with other words to describe certain characteristics of God. Here are some examples.

Elohay Mishpat – God of justice, or God of judgment (Isaiah 30:18). God is a righteous God, a Judge who loves righteousness and hates iniquity, and who rewards righteousness and punishes wickedness.

Elohay Selichot – A forgiving God (Nehemiah 9:17). He is a God who freely pardons all those who forsake their evil ways and turn to the Lord (Isaiah 55:7). He forgives all our iniquities (Psalm 103:3).

Elohay Marom – The High God or The exalted God (Micah 6:6). God is exalted by his power (Job. 36:22) and above all the nations (Psalm 99:2; 113:4). His name is exalted (Isaiah 12:4)

Elohay Mikarov – God who is near (Jeremiah 23:23). God “is not far from each one of us” (Acts 17:27 – NKJV), for in Him we live and move and have our being. However, He is also a God far away because He fills heaven and earth (Jeremiah 23:23). Nobody can hide himself in secret places so that God cannot see him. God is close to the brokenhearted (Psalm 34:18) but He is far from the wicked (Proverbs 15:29).

Elohay Mauzi – God of my strength (Psalm 43:2). He gives us strength. The prophet Isaiah says that “He gives strength to the weary and increases the power of the weak” (Isaiah 40:29 – NIV) and the Psalmist said: “You have exalted my horn like that of a wild ox” (Psalm 92:10 – NIV).

Elohay Tehilati – God of my praise (Psalm 109:1). He is “most worthy of praise” (Psalm 96:4; 145:3 – NIV) and we praise His name for all the wonderful and countless things He has done in our life so far. Each one of us must say: “I will bless the Lord at all times; His praise shall continually be in my mouth” (Psalm 34:1 – NKJV).

Elohay Yishi – God of my salvation (Psalm 18:46; 25:5). He is the One who has saved us from sin through Jesus Christ, and the One who delivers us out of all distresses and afflictions. Salvation belongs to God (Psalm 3:8; Jonah 2:9; Revelation 7:10).

Elohim Kedoshim – Holy God (Leviticus 19:2; Joshua 24:19). God is Holy. He is absolutely pure, perfect and sinless. His name is holy.

Elohim Chaiyim – Living God (Jeremiah 10:10). The gods of the nations have ears but cannot hear, have eyes but cannot see, have mouth but cannot speak, for they are vain idols, but He is the living God.

Elohay Elohim – God of gods (Deuteronomy 10:17). He “is greater than all gods” (Exodus 18:11); “great is our God above all gods” (2 Chronicles 2:5); He “is to be feared above all gods” (Psalm 96:4), for all the gods of the nations are vain idols but the Lord made the heavens, and one day He will destroy all the gods of the earth (Zephaniah 2:11).

Elohay Tz’vaot – God of hosts, or God of Armies (2 Samuel 5:10). He is the commander in chief of the angelic armies in heaven and of the army of God who is on the earth (we are the army of God because each of one of us is a soldier of Jesus Christ called to fight the good fight of the faith). God “is a warrior” (Exodus 15:3); in ancient times He fought many times for Israel against the enemies of Israel (Exodus 14:14; 2 Chronicles 20:17). God is the One who gives us the victory, for Paul says: “Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ” (2 Corinthians 2:14).

Elohay Chasdi – God of my Mercy (Psalm 59:10, 17). God is kind and merciful to us. He is the source of the kindness and the mercy we taste every day.

Elohay Kol Basar – God of all flesh (Jeremiah 32:27). He is the Creator of all the living creatures which are on the earth.

Elohay HaRuchot LeKol Basar – God of the spirits of all flesh (Numbers 16:22). God created all flesh, and He gives breath to the people who live on the earth and spirit to those who walk on it (Isaiah 42:5).

Eloah is the singular of Elohim, and it too is translated as ‘God.’ It occurs about 50 times in the Old Testament (mostly in the book of Job).

El, which means ‘God,’ is another name used for God in the Scripture. It occurs about 200 times in the Old Testament. El is the simple form arising from Elohim and is often combined with other words in order to emphasize different attributes of God. Here are some examples.

El Olam – The Everlasting God or The God of eternity (Genesis 21:33). He exists from eternity. Moses said to God: “Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God” (Psalm 90:2).

El Shaddai – The Almighty God or God the all sufficient (Genesis 17:1). With Him all things are possible (Luke 18:27; Matthew 19:26). God cares for His people and supply all their needs.

El Elyon – The Most High God (Genesis 14:19). Height signifies power and position.

El Roi – The God who sees (Genesis 16:13). “The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good” (Proverbs 15:3).

El HaNe’eman – The Faithful God (Deuteronomy 7:9). He always keeps His word, as it is written: ““God is not a man, that He should lie; nor a son of man, that He should repent. Has He said, and will He not do? Or has He spoken, and will He not make it good?” (Numbers 23:19 – NKJV). No matter how long ago God said He will do a certain thing, we are sure He will keep His word. His promises are faithful and truthful and will never fall to the ground. If we are unfaithful, He remains faithful, for He cannot deny Himself.

El HaGadol – The Great God (Deuteronomy 10:17). He is indeed a great God; the Son of God, declared that God, His Father, “is greater than all” (John 10:29).

El HaKadosh – The Holy God (Isaiah 5:16). He is absolutely pure and perfect. He is totally separated from every kind of evil.

El Yisrael – The God Of Israel (Psalm 68:35). The people of Israel is the nation whom He foreknew, with whom God made a covenant, and to whom God revealed His laws and decrees (Psalm 147:19). However, it must be said that God is also the God of the Gentiles (Romans 3:29).

El HaShamayim – The God of heaven (Psalm 136:26). He created heaven and He is in heaven. Heaven is His throne.

El De’ot – The God of knowledge (1 Samuel 2:3). He knows everything.

El Emet – The God of truth (Psalm 31:5). He is always true. “Let God be true, but every man a liar,” Paul says to the Romans (Romans 3:4)

El Kana – The Jealous God (Deuteronomy 4:24). He is a God who wants His people to be devoted to Him alone. They must worship and serve only God. That’s why God is angry with His people when they become idolaters; because they provoke Him to jealousy. His name is Jealous (Exodus 34:14).

El Tzadik – The righteous God (Isaiah 45:21). He loves righteousness and hates iniquity. Everything He says or does is right.

El Sali – God my rock (Psalm 42:10). God is the foundation of my life, in Him I trust with all my heart. In the midst of all my distresses I know I can rely upon Him for in Him there is everlasting strength. He is my stronghold, my fortress, my strong tower, my protection from all attacks.

El Chaiyai – The God of my life (Psalm 42:8). God is the One who gives me life, in Him I live and move and I have my being. God is the Lord of my life because my life belongs to Him, since He has purchased me with His own blood. Therefore, whatever He wants me to do I will do, and wherever He wants me to go I will go, in order to please Him. I will serve Him alone during all my life.

El Yeshuati – The God of my salvation (Isaiah 12:2). He is the One who saved us from our sins and from all distresses. Blessed be His Holy Name for ever. Amen.

El Simchat Gili – God the joy of my exaltation or God my exceeding joy (Psalm 43:4). He is the source of a great joy to all those who love Him and fear Him.

El Rachum – The God of Compassion or The merciful God (Deuteronomy 4:31). He is a God full of compassion and mercy; we taste His mercy continually.

El Chanun – The Gracious God (Jonah 4:2). God is good; we have tasted His goodness.

Elah is another name for God, used about 70 times in the Old Testament. When it is combined with other words, different attributes of God are emphasized. Some examples:

Elah Yerush’lem – God of Jerusalem (Ezra 7:19). The city of Jerusalem is the place chosen by God from among the tribes of Israel to put His Name there for His dwelling (Deuteronomy 12:5). Jerusalem is called the city of the great King (Matthew 5:35).

Elah Yisrael – God of Israel (Ezra 5:1).

Elah Sh’maya – God of Heaven (Ezra 7:23).

Elah Sh’maya V’Arah – God of Heaven and Earth (Ezra 5:11).

Another divine name is Adonai, which is an emphatic form of the word ‘Adon’, which means ‘master’ or ‘lord’. It can literally be translated as ‘my lords’, but it is usually translated as ‘Lord’. The meaning of this name reflects the attribute of sovereignty. It means that God is the Lord who rules. It is used approximately 450 times.


I AM (Exodus 3:14)

I AM WHO I AM (Exodus 3:14 – NKJV)


The LORD strong and mighty (Psalm 24:8)

The LORD mighty in battle (Psalm 24:8)

The LORD who formed it [the earth], and established it (Jeremiah 33:2 – NIV)

The LORD that created thee, O Jacob (Isaiah 43:1)

The LORD that is faithful (Isaiah 49:7)

The LORD who is worthy to be praised (2 Samuel 22:4)

The LORD who sees/provides (Genesis 22:14)

The LORD that healeth thee (Exodus 15:26)

The LORD my banner (Exodus 17:15)

The LORD is there (Ezekiel 48:35)


The LORD God of recompenses (Jeremiah 51:56)

The LORD God of heaven (Genesis 24:7)

The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation (Exodus 34:6-7)


The Lord of lords (Psalm 136:3)

The Lord of heaven (Daniel 5:23)

The Lord of the whole earth (Psalm 97:5)


Lord of lords (Deuteronomy 10:17)


Lord my salvation (Psalm 38:22)


LORD my rock (Psalm 28:1)

LORD of hosts, that judgest righteously, that triest the reins and the heart (Jeremiah 11:20)


The LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb (Isaiah 44:2)

The LORD that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself; that frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish; that confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers (Isaiah 44:24-26)


The glorious LORD (Isaiah 33:21)

The righteous LORD (Psalm 11:7)


A Lord of kings (Daniel 2:47)


He that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion (Daniel 4:34)

He that sitteth in the heavens (Psalm 2:4)

He that sitteth upon the circle of the earth (Isaiah 40:22)

He that stretcheth out the heavens as a curtain, and spreadeth them out as a tent to dwell in (Isaiah 40:22)

He that by wisdom made the heavens (Psalm 136:5)

He that stretched out the earth above the waters (Psalm 136:6)

He that made great lights (Psalm 136:7)

He who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number (Isaiah 40:26)

He that created the heavens, and stretched them out (Isaiah 42:5)

He that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it (Isaiah 42:5)

He that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein (Isaiah 42:5)

He that formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, that maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth (Amos 4:13)

He that buildeth his stories in the heaven, and hath founded his troop in the earth; he that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth (Amos 9:6)

He that rideth upon the heavens (Psalm 68:4)

He who rides the ancient skies above, who thunders with mighty voice (Psalm 68:33 – NIV)

He that planted the ear (Psalm 94:9)

He that formed the eye (Psalm 94:9)

He that doth speak: behold, it is I (Isaiah 52:6)

He who alone doeth great wonders (Psalm 136:4)

He that pondereth the heart (Proverbs 24:12)

He that is mightier than man (Ecclesiastes 6:10)

He who avenges blood (Psalm 9:12 – NIV)

He that ought to be feared (Psalm 76:11)

He who giveth food to all flesh (Psalm 136:25)

He who is perfect in knowledge (Job 37:16 – NIV)

He that is mighty (Luke 1:49)

He that teacheth man knowledge (Psalm 94:10)

He that chastiseth the heathen (Psalm 94:10)

He that is most just (Job 34:17)

He that is higher than the highest (Ecclesiastes 5:8)

He that keepeth thee (Psalm 121:3)

He that keepeth thy soul (Proverbs 24:12)

He that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you (Deuteronomy 20:4)

He that comforteth you (Isaiah 51:12)

He that took me out of the womb (Psalm 22:9)

He that seeth me (Genesis 16:13)

He in whom I trust (Psalm 144:2)

He who vindicates me (Isaiah 50:8 – NIV)

He against whom we have sinned (Isaiah 42:24)

He that hath mercy on them (Isaiah 49:10)


A great King over all the earth (Psalm 47:2)

A great King above all gods (Psalm 95:3)

A warrior (Exodus 15:3 – NIV)

A mighty terrible one (Jeremiah 20:11)

A righteous judge (Psalm 7:11 – NIV)

A judge of the widows (Psalm 68:5)

A shield around me (Psalm 3:3 – NIV)

A sun and shield (Psalm 84:11)

An everlasting light (Isaiah 60:19)

A revealer of secrets (Daniel 2:47)

A very present help in trouble (Psalm 46:1)

A refuge for the oppressed (Psalm 9:9)

A refuge in times of trouble (Psalm 9:9)

An house of defence (Psalm 31:2)

A refuge from the storm (Isaiah 25:4)

A shadow from the heat (Isaiah 25:4)

A place of broad rivers and streams (Isaiah 33:21)

A buckler to all those that trust in him (Psalm 18:30)

A buckler to them that walk uprightly (Proverbs 2:7)

A father of the fatherless (Psalm 68:5)

A strength to the poor (Isaiah 25:4)

A strength to the needy in his distress (Isaiah 25:4)

A strong tower from the enemy (Psalm 61:3)

A shelter for me (Psalm 61:3)


Our own God (Psalm 67:6)

Our God for ever and ever (Psalm 48:14)


You who hear prayer (Psalm 65:2 – NKJV)

You who lift me up from the gates of death (Psalm 9:13 – NKJV)

You who save those who trust in You from those who rise up against them (Psalm 17:7 – NKJV)


The God of gods (Psalm 136:2; Daniel 11:36)

The God of hosts (Amos 4:13)

The God of heaven (Psalm 136:26; Jonah 1:9; Daniel 2:37)

The God of heaven and earth (Ezra 5:11)

The God of the whole earth (Isaiah 54:5)

The God of all the kingdoms of the earth (2 Kings 19:15)

The God of all flesh (Jeremiah 32:27)

The God of glory (Psalm 29:3)

The God of salvation (Psalm 68:20)

The God of truth (Isaiah 65:16)

The God of judgment (Malachi 2:17)


The God of my salvation (Psalm 25:5; Psalm 18:46; Micah 7:7)

The God of the rock of my salvation (2 Samuel 22:47)

The God of my mercy (Psalm 59:10)

The God of my rock (2 Samuel 22:3)

The God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways (Daniel 5:23)

The God who avenges me, who subdues nations under me, who saves me from my enemies (Psalm 18:47-48 – NIV)


The God who avenges (Psalm 94:1 – NIV)

The God that doest wonders (Psalm 77:14)

The God that is above (Job 31:28)


The God of our salvation (Psalm 68:19)


The great and dreadful God (Daniel 9:4)

The great God that formed all things (Proverbs 26:10)

The great and terrible God, that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him and observe his commandments (Nehemiah 1:5)

The great, the mighty, and the terrible God who keepest covenant and mercy (Nehemiah 9:32)

The living God (Psalm 42:2)

The true God (Jeremiah 10:10)

The everlasting God (Genesis 21:33)

The eternal God (Deuteronomy 33:27)

The most high God (Genesis 14:19; Daniel 3:26)

The Almighty God (Genesis 17:1)

The Mighty God (Psalm 50:1; Isaiah 10:21; Jeremiah 32:18)

The Great [God] (Jeremiah 32:18)

The faithful God (Deuteronomy 7:9)


The First and the Last (Isaiah 48:12)

The Ancient of days (Daniel 7:9)

The Almighty (Joel 1:15)

The Saviour (Isaiah 45:15)

The righteous (Isaiah 24:16)

The governor among the nations (Psalm 22:28)

The Judge of all the earth (Genesis 18:25)

The Holy One (Isaiah 40:25)

The high and lofty One that inhabiteth eternity, whose name is Holy (Isaiah 57:15)

The Rock (Deuteronomy 32:4)

The Rock eternal (Isaiah 26:4 – NIV)

The rock that is higher than I (Psalm 61:2)

The Most High over all the earth (Psalm 97:9 – NIV)

The Highest (Psalm 18:13)

The possessor of heaven and earth (Genesis 14:22)

The habitation of justice (Jeremiah 50:7)

The fountain of living waters (Jeremiah 2:13)

The tower of salvation for his king (2 Samuel 22:51)

The glory of their strength – of the people that know the joyful sound (Psalm 89:17)

The former of all things (Jeremiah 51:19)

The Creator of the ends of the earth (Isaiah 40:28)

The Maker of the poor (Proverbs 14:31)

The Maker of the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the constellations of the south (Job 9:9 – NIV)

The confidence of all the ends of the earth, and of them that are afar off upon the sea (Psalm 65:5)

The help and shield of those who fear Him (Psalm 115:11)

The helper of the fatherless (Psalm 10:14)

The saving strength of his anointed (Psalm 28:8)

The revealer of mysteries (Daniel 2:29 – NIV)

The guide of my youth (Jeremiah 3:4)


A God of gods (Daniel 2:47)

A God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth (Psalm 86:15)

A God who expresses his wrath every day (Psalm 7:11 – NIV)

A God of judgment (Isaiah 30:18)

A God that judgeth in the earth (Psalm 58:11)

A God of truth and without iniquity (Deuteronomy 32:4)


A God that hidest thyself (Isaiah 45:15)


A great God (Psalm 95:3)

A great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward (Deuteronomy 10:17)

A gracious and merciful God (Nehemiah 9:31)

A forgiving God (Psalm 99:8 – NIV)

A jealous and avenging God (Nahum 1:2 – NIV)

A just God (Isaiah 45:21)

A jealous God (Exodus 34:14)


God the LORD (1 Chronicles 13:6; Psalm 85:8)


God of my righteousness (Psalm 4:1)

God of my salvation (Psalm 51:14)

God of my praise (Psalm 109:1)

God my rock (Psalm 42:9)

God my maker, who giveth songs in the night; who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth, and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven (Job 35:10-11)

God of our salvation (Psalm 65:5)

God our strength (Psalm 81:1)

God our shield (Psalm 84:9)

God of gods (Deuteronomy 10:17)

God most high (Psalm 57:2)

God that performeth all things for me (Psalm 57:2)


The King (Psalm 98:6)

The eternal King (Jeremiah 10:10 – NIV)

The King of heaven (Daniel 4:37)

The King of glory (Psalm 24:9)

The King of all the earth (Psalm 47:7)


King over all the earth (Zechariah 14:9)

King for ever and ever (Psalm 10:16)


Most upright (Isaiah 26:7)

Preserver of men (Job 7:20)

Judge of the earth (Psalm 94:2)

Jealous (Exodus 34:14)


My King and my God (Psalm 5:2)

My King of old, working salvation in the midst of the earth (Psalm 74:12)

My Holy One (Habakkuk 1:12 – NKJV)

My light and my salvation (Psalm 27:1)

My light (Micah 7:8 – NIV)

My portion in the land of the living (Psalm 142:5)

My portion for ever (Psalm 73:26)

My salvation (Isaiah 12:2)

My rock (Psalm 18:46)

My strong rock (Psalm 31:2)

My strength (Habakkuk 3:19; Psalm 18:1)

My shield (Psalm 28:7)

My praise (Jeremiah 17:14)

My shepherd (Psalm 23:1)

My glory (Psalm 3:3)

My helper (Psalm 54:4 – NKJV)

My fortress (Psalm 31:3; 18:2)

My help and my deliverer (Psalm 40:17; 70:5)

My exceeding joy (Psalm 43:4)

My King (Psalm 44:4)

My redeemer (Psalm 19:14)

My defence and refuge in the day of my trouble (Psalm 59:16)

My hiding place (Psalm 119:114)

My deliverer (Psalm 18:2)

My God (Psalm 18:2)

My buckler (Psalm 18:2)

My high tower (Psalm 18:2)

My Maker (Job 36:3)

My song (Psalm 118:14)

My portion (Psalm 119:57; Lamentations 3:24)

My goodness (Psalm 144:2)

My hope (Psalm 71:5)

My hope in the day of evil (Jeremiah 17:17)

My trust from my youth (Psalm 71.5)

My witness (Job 16:19)

My judge (Job 9:15)

My advocate (Job 16:19 – NIV)

My support (2 Samuel 22:19 – NIV)

My power (2 Samuel 22:33)


The portion of mine inheritance and of my cup (Psalm 16:5)

The rock of my refuge (Psalm 94:22)

The strength of my life (Psalm 27:1)

The strength of my heart (Psalm 73:26)

The strength of my salvation (Psalm 140:7)

The health of my countenance (Psalm 42:11)

The horn of my salvation (Psalm 18:2)

The lifter up of mine head (Psalm 3:3)


Our shade at our right hand (Psalm 121:5 – NIV – I have put ‘our’ in place of ‘your’)

Our father (Isaiah 64:8)

Our potter (Isaiah 64:8)

Our judge (Isaiah 33:22)

Our lawgiver (Isaiah 33:22)

Our king (Isaiah 33:22)

Our captain (2 Chronicles 13:12)

Our refuge (Psalm 62:8 – NIV)

Our strength (Psalm 46:1)

Our dwelling place in all generations (Psalm 90:1)

Our guide even unto death (Psalm 48:14)

Our fear (Isaiah 8:13 – I have put ‘our’ in place of ‘your’)

Our dread (Isaiah 8:13 – I have put ‘our’ in place of ‘your’)


Names and titles of God associated somehow with the Israelites and their forefathers

Remember that Israel means ‘He struggles with God’ and that it is the name given by God to Jacob

The God of Israel (Genesis 33:20, Isaiah 48:1; 45:15)

The God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things (Psalm 72:18)

The God of all the families of Israel (Jeremiah 31:1)

The God of the armies of Israel (1 Samuel 17:45)

The LORD God of Israel (Psalm 41:13)

The Holy One of Israel (Isaiah 1:4; 10:20; Psalm 71:22)

The Mighty One of Israel (Isaiah 1:24)

The Creator of Israel (Isaiah 43:15)

The Shepherd [of Israel] (Genesis 49:24 – NIV. Psalm 80:1)

The Rock of Israel (Genesis 49:24; Isaiah 30:29 – NIV)

The King of Israel (Zephaniah 3:15)

The Hope of Israel (Jeremiah 17:13)

The Redeemer of Israel (Isaiah 49:7)

The help and shield of Israel (Psalm 115:9)


A father to Israel (Jeremiah 31:9)


The God of Jacob (Psalm 20:1; 46:7)

The Holy One of Jacob (Isaiah 29:23)

The Mighty God of Jacob (Psalm 132:2)

The Mighty One of Jacob (Genesis 49:24 – NIV)

The King of Jacob (Isaiah 41:21)

The portion of Jacob (Jeremiah 10:16; 51:19)


The God of Nahor (Genesis 31:53)

The God of Abraham (Genesis 26:24)

The God of Isaac (Genesis 28:13)

The God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky (Deuteronomy 33:26). Jeshurun, which means ‘upright,’ is another name for the people of Israel.

The God of David (Isaiah 38:5)

The God of Elijah (2 Kings 2:14 – NIV)

The God of Daniel (Daniel 6:26)

The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob (Exodus 3:6). In Hebrew Elohay Avraham, Yitzchak v’Yaakov.

The God of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego (Daniel 3:28)

The God of Bethel (Genesis 31:13)

The God of the Hebrews (Exodus 5:3; 9:13)


God their Saviour, who had done great things in Egypt (Psalm 106:21 – NKJV)


The hope of their fathers (Jeremiah 50:7)


The Rock of his [of Jeshurun] salvation (Deuteronomy 32:15)


The LORD God of Shem (Genesis 9:26)

The LORD God of Israel (Exodus 5:1)

The LORD God of our fathers (Deuteronomy 26:7)

The LORD God of thy fathers (Deuteronomy 27:3)


The Lord GOD who gathers the outcasts of Israel (Isaiah 56:8 – NKJV)


The Fear of Isaac (Genesis 31:42)


The LORD, who redeemed Abraham (Isaiah 29:22)

The LORD of hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion (Isaiah 8:18 – NKJV)

The LORD, whose fire is in Zion and his furnace in Jerusalem (Isaiah 31:9)

The LORD who dwells in Zion (Psalm 9:11 – NKJV)

The LORD that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof: That saith to the deep, Be dry, and I will dry up thy rivers (Isaiah 44:26-27)


He who is the Glory of Israel (1 Samuel 15:29 – NIV) or The Strength of Israel

He that made him [Israel] (Psalm 149:2)

He that keepeth Israel (Psalm 121:4)

He that inhabitest the praises of Israel (Psalm 22:3)


He who struck Egypt in their firstborn and brought out Israel from among them with a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm (Psalm 136:10-12 – NKJV)

He who divided the Red sea in two and made Israel pass through the midst of it but overthrew Pharaoh and his army in the Red sea (Psalm 136:13-15 – NKJV)

He who made a way through the sea, a path through the mighty waters, who drew out the chariots and horses, the army and reinforcements together (Isaiah 43:16-17 – NIV)

He that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock (Isaiah 63:11)

He that led them [the Israelites] by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name (Isaiah 63:12)

He who led His people through the wilderness (Psalm 136:16 – NKJV)

He who struck down great kings and slew famous kings, Sihon king of the Amorites and Og the king of Bashan, and gave their land as a heritage, a heritage to Israel His servant (Psalm 136:17-22 – NKJV).

He who remembered us in our low estate (Psalm 136:23)

He that hath redeemed us from our enemies (Psalm 136:24)

He that put his Holy Spirit within his flock (Isaiah 63:11)

He from whom the children of Israel have deeply revolted (Isaiah 31:6)

He who struck them [the people of Israel] (Isaiah 9:13 – NIV)

He that scattered Israel (Jeremiah 31:10)


The LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt (Psalm 81:10 – NKJV)

The LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery (Exodus 20:2 – NIV)

The LORD your God dwelling in Zion (Joel 3:17)

The LORD your God, who teaches you to profit, who leads you by the way you should go (Isaiah 48:17 – NKJV)

The LORD your God, who divided the sea whose waves roared (Isaiah 51:15 – NKJV)


The LORD that hath mercy on thee (Isaiah 54:10)

The LORD who made you and formed you from the womb, who will help you (Isaiah 44:2 – NKJV)

The LORD your Maker, who stretched out the heavens and laid the foundations of the earth (Isaiah 51:13 – NIV)


Your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb (Isaiah 44:24 – NIV)

Your Sovereign LORD (Isaiah 51:22 – NIV)

Your refuge (Deuteronomy 33:27)

Your Saviour (Isaiah 43:3 – NIV)

Your Holy One (Isaiah 43:15)

Your King (Isaiah 43:15)

Your helper (Hosea 13:9 – NIV)

Your shield (Genesis 15:1 – NKJV. Words said by God to Abraham)

Your exceedingly great reward (Genesis 15:1 – NKJV. Words said by God to Abraham)


The Holy One in the midst of thee (Hosea 11:9)

The Rock that begat thee (Deuteronomy 32:18)


The sword of thy excellency (Deuteronomy 33:29)

The shield of thy help (Deuteronomy 33:29)

The rock of thy strength (Isaiah 17:10)


Your God, who defends his people (Isaiah 51:22 – NIV)


The God of thy salvation (Isaiah 17:10)


The God who fathered you (Deuteronomy 32:18 – NKJV)


God of Israel, the One who dwells between the cherubim (Isaiah 37:16 – NKJV)

In the New Testament

The Godhead (Acts 17:29)


The Majesty (Hebrews 1:3)


The Most High (Luke 1:32,35; Acts 7:48)

The Most High God (Hebrews 7:1),


The living God (Matthew 16:16; 26:63; 1 Timothy 3:15; 4:10; Hebrews 3:12; 9:14; 10:31; 12:22)

The living God, who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and all things that are in them (Acts 14:15 – NKJV)


The only true God (John 17:3)

The living and true God (1 Thessalonians 1:9)

The only wise God (1 Timothy 1:17)

The only wise God our Saviour (Jude 25)


God the Father (John 6:27)

God, for whom and through whom everything exists (Hebrews 2:10 – NIV).

God that made the world and all things therein (Acts 17:24)

God, who has called us into fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ our Lord (1 Corinthians 1:9 – NIV)

God who works in us both to will and to do for His good pleasure (Philippians 2:13 – NKJV)

God only wise (Romans 16:27).

God our Saviour (Titus 1:3)


The Creator (Matthew 19:4 – NIV)

The Creator, who is blessed for ever (Romans 1:25).


The LORD (Matthew 22:44)

The LORD your God (Luke 4:8; 4:12 – NKJV)


The Lord of sabaoth (James 5:4)

The Lord Almighty (2 Corinthians 6:18)

The Lord God of the holy prophets (Revelation 22:6)


Lord God Almighty (Revelation 11:17)

Lord of heaven and earth (Luke 10:21; Matthew 11:25; Acts 17:24)

Lord, the One who is and who was and who is to be (Revelation 16:5 – NKJV)


The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 11:31; Ephesians 1:3). Jesus called Him “My God” and “My Father”

The God of Jacob (Acts 7:46)

The God of Israel (Matthew 15:31)

The God of Abraham and of Isaac, and of Jacob (Acts 7:32; 3:13).

The God of our fathers (Acts 3:13; 5:30; 22:14). That’s how the apostles called God.

The God of the living (Matthew 22:31-33; Luke 20:37-38; Mark 12:27).

The God of the Gentiles (Romans 3:29)

The God of the spirits of the prophets (Revelation 22:6 – NIV)

The God to whom I belong and whom I serve (Acts 27:23 – NKJV)


The God of heaven (Revelation 11:13 – NKJV)

The God of the earth (Revelation 11:4 – NKJV)

The God of glory (Acts 7:2)

The God of patience and consolation (Romans 15:5)

The God of all comfort (2 Corinthians 1:3)

The God of hope (Romans 15:13)

The God of peace (Romans 15:33; 16:20; Philippians 4:9; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; Hebrews 13:20)

The God of love (2 Corinthians 13:11)

The God of all grace (1 Peter 5:10)


The Father (Matthew 28:19; Mark 13:32; John 5:20)

The living Father (John 6:57).

The Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man’s work (1 Peter 1:17).

The Father of mercies (2 Corinthians 1:3)

The Father of glory (Ephesians 1:17)

The Father of lights (James 1:17)

The Father of spirits (Hebrews 12:9)


Our Father who is in the secret place (Matthew 6:6 – NKJV. I have put ‘our’ in place of ‘your’)

Our Father who sees in secret (Matthew 6:6 – NKJV. I have put ‘our’ in place of ‘your’)

Our Father in heaven (Matthew 6:9 – NKJV)

Abba [Aramaic for ‘Father’] (Romans 8:15)


Righteous Father (John 17:25)

Holy Father (John 17:11)


The blessed God (1 Timothy 1:11)

The Mighty God (Luke 22:69 – NIV)

The power of God (Luke 22:69)

The invisible God (Colossians 1:15)


The Alpha and the Omega (Revelation 21:6 – NIV)

The Beginning and the End (Revelation 21:6 – NIV)

The Mighty One (Matthew 26:64; Luke 1:49 – NIV)

The Holy One (Revelation 16:5 – NIV)

The blessed and only Potentate (1 Timothy 6:15)

The King eternal, immortal, invisible (1 Timothy 1:17)

The King of kings, and Lord of lords, who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see (1 Timothy 6:15-16)

The head of Christ (1 Corinthians 11:3)

The Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe (1 Timothy 4:10)

The Judge (James 5:9)

The Judge of all (Hebrews 12:23)

The gardener (John 15:1 – NIV)

The potter (Romans 9:21)


The one who sits on the throne (Matthew 23:22)

The one who can destroy both soul and body in hell [geenna] (Matthew 10:28 – NIV).

The one who is able to save and destroy (James 4:12 – NIV)


Love (1 John 4:8)

Light (1 John 1:5)

Lawgiver (James 4:12)

Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all (Ephesians 4:6 – NIV)


King of the ages (Revelation 15:3 – NIV)


A faithful Creator (1 Peter 4:19).

A rewarder of them that diligently seek him (Hebrews 11:6)

A consuming fire (Hebrews 12:29)


He who is declared to be living (Hebrews 7:8 – NIV).

He who is and who was and who is to come (Revelation 1:4; – NKJV)

He who is invisible (Hebrews 11:27)

He who sits on the throne and who lives for ever and ever (Revelation 4:9 – NIV)

He that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein (Revelation 10:6).

He that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters (Revelation 14:7).

He who works all things according to the counsel of His will (Ephesians 1:11 – NKJV)

He who speaks from heaven (Hebrews 12:25 – NKJV)

He who is ready to judge the living and the dead (1 Peter 4:5 – NKJV)

He who judges righteously (1 Peter 2:23 – NKJV)

He who judges me (1 Corinthians 4:4 – NKJV)

He who, after the killing of the body, has power to throw you into hell [geenna] (Luke 12:5 – NIV)


He that sent John to baptize with water (John 1:33)

He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all (Romans 8:32)

He that sent Jesus (John 5:24)

He that was able to save Jesus from death (Hebrews 5:7)

He that raised up Christ from the dead (Romans 8:11)

He who put all things under Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15:27-28 – NKJV)


He who calls (Romans 9:11 – NKJV)

He who called us (1 Peter 1:15 – NKJV)

He who called us out of darkness into His marvellous light (1 Peter 2:9 – NKJV)

He who calls us (1 Thessalonians 5:24 – NKJV)

He who is able to establish us according to the Gospel of Paul and the preaching of Jesus Christ (Romans 16:25)

He that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision (Galatians 2:8)

He that was also at work in the ministry of Paul as an apostle to the Gentiles (Galatians 2:8 – NIV)

He that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us (Ephesians 3:20)

He with whom we have to do (Hebrews 4:13) or He to whom we must give account (NIV)

He that is able to keep us from falling, and to present us faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy (Jude 24)


Our God and Father (Galatians 1:4; Philippians 4:20 – NIV)

Our God who sits on the throne (Revelation 7:10 – NIV)

Our Saviour (1 Timothy 1:1; 2:3)

Our Lord (Revelation 11:15 – NKJV)


That Spirit (2 Corinthians 3:17)

List compiled by Giacinto Butindaro


About giacintobutindaro

I am a minister of the Gospel, living and serving God in Italy
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