Pantheism (from Greek pan ‘all’ + theos ‘god’) is a belief which identifies God with the universe (and all that comprises it: laws, motion, matter, energy, consciousness, life, etc.) or regards the universe as a manifestation of God. This belief is accepted by the adherents of the New Age Movement, who view God as an impersonal life force, consciousness or energy, rather than a Person. Here is what some New Agers have stated.
Marilyn Ferguson wrote in her book The Aquarian Conspiracy: “In the emergent spiritual tradition God is not the personage of our Sunday-school mentality but more nearly the dimension described by William James: The further limits of our being plunge, it seems to me, into an altogether other dimension of existence from the sensible and merely ‘understandable’ world …. We belong to it in a more intimate sense than that in which we belong to the visible world, for we belong in the most intimate sense wherever our ideals belong …. I will call the higher part of the universe by the name of God. God is experienced as flow, wholeness, the infinite kaleidoscope of life and death, Ultimate Cause, the ground of being, what Alan Watts called ‘the silence out of which all sound comes’. God is the consciousness that manifests as lila, the play of the universe. God is the organizing matrix we can experience but not tell, that which enlivens matter. In J. D. Salinger’s short story, Teddy, a spiritually precocious youngster recalls his experience of immanent God while watching his little sister drink her milk. ‘… All of a sudden I saw that she was God and the milk was God. I mean, all she was doing was pouring God into God….’ (Marilyn Ferguson, The Aquarian Conspiracy, Paladin Grafton Books, London 1986, page 420).
Benjamin Crème says: ‘Everything is God. There is nothing else in fact but God.’ (Creme Benjamin, The Reappearance of the Christ and Masters of Wisdom, Los Angeles: Tara Center, 1980, page 103).
Neale Donald Walsch says: ‘For God is the All, and the Goddess is everything, and there is nothing else that is’ (Walsch, Neale Donald, Conversations With God: An Uncommon Dialogue, Book 2, Charlottesville, Va.: Hampton Roads Publishing Company, 1997, page 92)
Helen Schucman says: ‘God is in everything I see’ (Helen Schucman, A Course in Miracles; Vol. 2, Workbook for Students, Tiburon, CA: Foundation for Inner Peace, 1975. page 45) and also: ‘God is still everywhere and in everything forever. And we are a part of Him’ (Ibid., page 92), again: ‘There is no separation of God and His creation’ (Vol. 1, Text, Tiburon, CA: Foundation for Inner Peace, 1975, page 136)
According to the Scripture, which is the Word of God, there is one God, the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 15:6), as it is written in Isaiah: “I am the First and I am the Last; Besides me there is no God” (Isaiah 44:6 – NKJV) and in the first epistle to the Corinthians: “For us there is one God, the Father …” (1 Corinthians 8:6 – NKJV); He is also called “the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob” (Exodus 3:16 – NKJV).
He is a spiritual being, as it is written: “God is Spirit” (John 4:24 – NKJV); He is mighty in power and His understanding has no limit, as it is written: “Great is our Lord, and mighty in power; His understanding is infinite” (Psalm 147:5 – NKJV); He knows everything, as it is written: “The Lord is the God of knowledge” (1 Samuel 2:3 – NKJV – The Italian Bible Riveduta Version, reads “L’Eterno è un Dio che sa tutto”, that is, “the Eternal is a God who knows everything”); He is everywhere, as it is written: “If I ascend into heaven, You are there; if I make my bed in hell [Sheol], behold, you are there” (Psalm 139:8 – NKJV). He sees, as it is written: “The eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil and the good” (Proverbs 15:3 – NKJV); He hears, as it is written: “He hears the prayer of the righteous” (Proverbs 15:29 – NKJV); He speaks, as it is written: “When He utters His voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens” (Jeremiah 10:13 – NKJV). He remembers, as it is written: “He remembers His covenant forever” (Psalm 105:8 – NKJV); He is full of mercy and gracious, as it is written: “The Lord is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in mercy” (Psalm 103:8 – NKJV); He is righteous and thus He rewards those who do what is right in His sight, as it is written: “He will fulfil the desire of those who fear Him” (Psalm 145:19 – NKJV), and He punishes those who deserve to be punished for their evil deeds as it is written: “He repays those who hate him to their face, to destroy them. He will not be slack with him who hates Him; He will repay him to his face” (Deuteronomy 7:10 – NKJV). He protects those who fear Him, as it is written: “The Lord preserves the simple” (Psalm 116:6 – NKJV), and guides them, as it is written: “He leads me in the paths of righteousness for His name’s sake” (Psalm 23:3 – NKJV). I have mentioned just some of His attributes and just some of the things He does.
This God, by the Word, created out of nothing all the things that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, as it is written: “By faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that the things which are seen were not made of things which are visible” (Hebrews 11:3 – NKJV), and they continue this day according to His ordinances, as it is written: “Your laws endure to this day, for all things serve you” (Psalm 119:91 – NIV).
Therefore, the universe is not God but the work of His hands; He fills it, for God says through Jeremiah: “Do I not fill heaven and earth?” (Jeremiah 23:24 – NKJV), but He still remains separate from it because He is the Creator of the universe.
Jesus Christ, the Son of God who came down from heaven to reveal God to us, never hinted at pantheism in all His teachings. Before He came into this world He was with God in heaven from all eternity, and He knew God, but He never identified God with the universe or the earth. When He commanded His disciples not to swear, He said: “Do not swear at all; neither by heaven, for it is God’s throne; nor by the earth, for it is His footstool” (Matthew 5:34-35 – NKJV). As you can see, Jesus called heaven the throne of God and the earth His footstool, and we know that there is a very big difference between a person who is seated on a throne and the throne on which he is seated; between a person and his footstool.
Therefore, to sum up, the universe is not God but the work of God, and through it the invisible attributes of God, that is, His eternal power and Godhead, are clearly seen, being understood from what He made, as Paul says: “Since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead” (Romans 1:20 – NKJV). And in addition to this, God is not an energy nor an impersonal force but a Person who sees, hears, speaks, remembers, etc.
Beware of pantheism, for it is a lie through which the devil causes many people all over the world to worship the earth, the sun, the moon, the stars, and also some animals and trees, and even some human beings, who are considered God. We can say that pantheism leads people to worship and serve the creature rather than the Creator who is blessed forever. In other words, pantheism leads people to idolatry, and as you know the Scripture says that idolaters will not inherit the kingdom of God (cf. 1 Corinthians 6:9-10).